Audit and Corporate Governance Committee Charter
The primary function of the Audit and Corporate Governance Committee is to assist the Board of Directors
in fulfilling its oversight responsibilities by reviewing the financial information that will be provided to the
shareholders and others, the systems of internal controls that management and the Board of Directors have
established, and the Corporation’s and its subsidiaries’ audit and financial reporting process. The Committee has the responsibility to review and monitor the corporate governance practices of the Corporation.
The external auditors’ ultimate responsibility is to the Board of Directors and the Audit and Corporate
Governance Committee, as representatives of the shareholders. These representatives have the ultimate authority to evaluate and, where appropriate, recommend replacement of the external auditors.
The Audit and Corporate Governance Committee will primarily fulfill these responsibilities by carrying out
the activities enumerated in ensuing sections of this Charter. The Committee is given full access to the
Corporation’s management and records and external auditors as necessary to carry out these responsibilities. The Committee has the authority to carry out such special investigations as it sees fit in respect of any matters within its various roles and responsibilities.
Composition and Qualification
The Audit and Corporate Governance Committee is comprised of four directors, each of whom is an
independent director, as defined in Multilateral Instrument 52-110 — Audit Committees, as adopted by the
Ontario Securities Commission.
All members of the Committee shall be financially literate and thus be able to read and understand a set of
financial statements that have a level of complexity of accounting that is comparable to that of the Corporation’s financial statements. At least one member of the Committee shall have accounting or related financial expertise. This could include past employment experience in finance or accounting, requisite professional certification in accounting, or any other comparable experience or background which results in the individual’s financial sophistication, including being or having been a chief executive officer, chief financial officer or other senior officer of an entity with financial oversight responsibilities.
Responsibilities and Duties
To fulfill its responsibilities and duties, the Audit and Corporate Governance Committee shall:
(a) Review the accounting principles, policies and practices followed by the Corporation and its
subsidiaries in accounting for and reporting its financial results of operations.
(b) Review the Corporation’s audited annual consolidated financial statements and the unaudited quarterly
financial statements. Also review and recommend to the Board for approval any accompanying related
documents such as the Annual Information Form or equivalent filings and the Management’s
Discussion and Analysis prior to the disclosing of the information to the public.
(c) Review the draft earnings press release quarterly.
(d) Satisfy itself that adequate procedures are in place for the review of any other public disclosure by the
Corporation of financial information extracted or derived from the Corporation’s financial statements
and periodically assess the adequacy of those procedures.
(e) Oversee the work of the external auditor and recommend to the Board of Directors the selection and
compensation of the external auditors to be put forward to the shareholders at the annual meeting.
(f) Obtain on a quarterly basis a formal written statement from the external auditors delineating the
relationship between the audit firm and the Corporation, and review and discuss with the external
auditors such relationship to determine the “independence” of the auditors.
(g) Review any management letter prepared by the external auditors concerning the Corporation’s internal
financial controls, record keeping and other matters and management’s response thereto.
(h) Discuss with the external auditors their views about the quality of the implementation of Canadian
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, with a particular focus on the accounting estimates and
judgments made by management and management’s selection of accounting principles. Meet in private
with appropriate members of management and separately with the external auditors on a regular basis
to share perceptions on these matters, discuss any potential concerns and agree upon appropriate action
plans. Review with the external auditor their views on the adequacy of the Corporation’s financial
(i) Approve the scope of the annual audit, the audit plan, the access granted to the Corporation’s records
and the co-operation of management in any audit and review function.
(j) Review the effectiveness of the independent audit effort, including approval of the fees charged in
connection with the annual audit, any quarterly reviews and any non-audit services being provided.
(k) Evaluate the lead audit partner and discuss rotation of the lead audit partner and other active audit
engagement team partners.
(l) Assess the effectiveness of the working relationship of the external auditors with management and
become involved, if necessary, to resolve disagreements between management and the external auditor
regarding financial reporting matters.
(m) Review the financial risk management policies followed by the Corporation in operating its business
activities and the completeness and fairness of any disclosure thereof. Review the use of derivative
financial instruments by the Corporation.
(n) Review and approve management’s decisions relating to any potential need for internal auditing,
including whether this function should be outsourced and if such function is outsourced, approve the
supplier of such service.
(o) Review annually the Audit and Corporate Governance Committee Charter for compliance and
adequacy and recommend any changes to the Board.
(p) Determine the nature of non-audit services the external auditor is prohibited from providing to the
Corporation. The Committee will pre-approve all non-audit services provided by the external auditor to
(q) Review compliance with regulatory requirements relating to CEO/CFO certifications.
(r) Review and approve the Corporation’s hiring policies regarding partners, employees and former
partners and employees of the external auditor.
(s) Establish and review procedures for the receipt, retention and treatment of complaints received by the
Corporation regarding accounting, internal accounting controls or auditing matters and for the
confidential, anonymous submission by employees of the Corporation of concerns regarding
questionable accounting or auditing matters.
(t) Report to the Board on the major items covered at each Audit and Corporate Governance Committee
meeting and make recommendations to the Board and management concerning these matters. Annually
report to the Board on the effectiveness of the Audit and Corporate Governance Committee.
(u) Perform any other activities consistent with this Charter, the Corporation’s by-laws and governing law
as the Committee or the Board deems necessary or appropriate.
(v) Establish criteria for immediate reporting of significant complaints to the Committee and obtaining
periodic reports about other complaints received.
(w) Review of management’s antifraud programs and controls, including the fraud risk assessment process.
(x) Review, on a timely basis, reports describing the nature, status and eventual disposition of any alleged
or suspected fraud.
Corporate Governance Responsibilities
While corporate governance remains the responsibility of the Board of Directors, the Committee shall
review and monitor the corporate governance practices of the Corporation. This includes:
(a) Reviewing the corporate governance disclosures that may be made by the Corporation.
(b) Reviewing compensation for members of the Board of Directors and recommending compensation
levels to the Board.
(c) Assessing on an annual basis the corporate governance practices. This would include requiring the
completion of an annual questionnaire of the Board members on corporate governance and the
effectiveness of the Board.
(d) Reviewing financial qualifications of Committee members.
(e) Overseeing the orientation program for new directors.
(f) Reviewing the performance of all directors over the age of 72, with the exception of the Chief
(g) Monitoring on a continuing basis the overall effectiveness of the Corporation’s system of corporate
(h) Annually assessing the performance of the Committee as a whole and of its members individually,
considering improvements and taking decisive corrective action.
Audit and Corporate Governance Meetings
The Audit and Corporate Governance Committee will meet on a quarterly basis and will hold special
meetings as circumstances require. The timing of the meetings shall be determined by the Committee. The
Committee may engage external advisors as it determines necessary, with notice to the lead director, and may set the compensation for such advisors.
At all Audit and Corporate Governance Committee meetings a majority of the members shall constitute a